Amos J., 2007, Ancient polar bear jawbone found, BBC News

Amstrup, S. C., G. Durner, I. Stirling, N. J. Lunn, and F. Messier, 2000. Movements and distribution of polar bears in the Beaufort Sea. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78 : 948-966.

Amstrup, S. C., G. M. Durner, T. L. McDonald, D. M. Mulcahy, and G. W. Garner. 2001. Comparing movement patterns of satellite-tagged male and female polar bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79 : 2147-2158.

Bernhoft, A., Ø. Wiig, and J. U. Skaare. 1997. Organochlorines in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) at Svalbard. Environmental Pollution 95 : 159-175.

Burek K.A., Gulland F.M.D., and O’hara T.M., 2008, Effects of climate change on arctic, marine mammal health, Ecological Applications, 18 (2) Supplement, pp. S126 – S134, by the Ecological Society of America

Ferguson, S. H., M. K. Taylor, E. W. Born, A. Rosing-Asvid, and F. Messier. 1999. Determinants of home range size for polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Ecology Letters 2 : 311-318.

Ferguson, S. H., M. K. Taylor, E. W. Born, A. Rosing-Asvid, and F. Messier. 2001. Activity and movement patterns of polar bears inhabiting consolidated versus active pack ice. Arctic 54 : 49-54.

Ferguson, S. H., M. K. Taylor, A. Rosing-Asvid, E. W. Born, and F. Messier. 2000. Relationships between denning of polar bears and conditions of sea ice. Journal of Mammalogy 81 : 1118-1127.

Kurten, B. 1 964. The evolution of the polar bear, Ursus maritimus Phipps. Acta Zoologica Fennica 108 : 1-30.

Laidre K.L., Stirling I., Lowry L.F., Wiig Ø., Heide-Jørgensen M.P., and Ferguson S.H., 2008, Quantifying the sensitivity of arctic marine mammals to climate-induced habitat change, Ecological Applications, 18 (2) Supplement, pp. S97 – S125, by the Ecological Society of America

Lunn, N. J., S. Schliebe, and E. W. Born, eds. 2002. Polar Bears. Proceedings of the 13 th Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group. Occasional Paper of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission No. 26. Gland.

Moore S.E. AND Huntington H., 2008, Arctic marine mammals and climate change : impacts and resilience, Ecological Applications, 18 (2) Supplement, pp. S157 – S165, by the Ecological Society of America

Rosing-Asvid, A., E. W. Born, and M. C. S. Kingsley. 2002. Age at sexual maturity of males and timing of the mating season of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in Greenland. Polar Biology 25 : 878-883.

Scribner, K. T., G. W. Garner, S. C. Amstrup, and M. A. Cronin. 1997. Population genetic studies of the polar bear (Ursus maritimus) : A summary of available data and interpretation of results. Pages 185-196 in A. E. Dizon, S. J. Chivers, and W. F. Perrin, eds. Molecular genetics of marine mammals (Special Publication No. 3). Society for Marine Mammalogy.

Skaare, J. U., H. J. Larsen, E. Lie, A. Bernhoft, A. E. Derocher, R. Norstrom, E. Ropstad, N. F. Lunn, and O. Wiig. 2002. Ecological risk assessment of persistent organic pollutants in the arctic. Toxicology 181-182 : 193-197.

Stirling, I., and D. Andriashek. 1992. Terrestrial maternity denning of polar bears in the eastern Beaufort Sea area. Arctic 45 : 363-366.

Stirling, I., N. J. Lunn, and J. Iacozza. 1999. Long-term trends in the population ecology of polar bears in western Hudson Bay in relation to climatic change. Arctic 52 : 294-306.

Vinnikov, K. Y., A. Robock, R. J. Stouffer, J. E. Walsh, C. L. Parkinson, D. J. Cavalieri, J. F. B. Mitchell, D. Garrett, and V. F. Zakharov. 1999. Global warming and northern hemisphere sea ice extent. Science 286 : 1934-1936.

Polar Bears Proceedings of the 14 th Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, 20 – 24 June 2005, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Partager ce contenu